Hold Down Methods Of Escape - Fusegi

While the Kodokan formally 'recognizes' 7 hold downs or immobilizations in Judo; there are a myriad of variations that can be applied. To the same degree, there are a myriad of escapes that can be used to free yourself from any of these holds.

In many cases, the same escape can be used against different holds. We will discuss briefly some of the various escape methods, what hold downs they might work on and provide video examples of the more common escapes.

Kesa Gatame

  Many of the escapes from Kesa Gatame will work on Makura Kesa Gatame, Kuzure Kesa Gatame, and Kata Gatame. Keep in mind that in Kata Gatame, you would need to raise your trapped arm over your head and then down to wrap around Uke's body to approximate your Kesa position. Below are some of the many methods of escape.

As with all immobilizations, the space between Uke and Tori will dictate which escapes can be used. In order for escapes 1, 3, & 4 to work, there needs to be some space between Uke and Tori. In this case, the space it Uke's friend and Tori's enemy. In the case of escape #2, Uke needs to have as little space between he and Tori as possible otherwise, there will be no chance to get Tori lifted and bridged over. As you work with the escapes, learn which ones needs space and which escapes work better with no space.
1. Arm Extraction 3. Leg Entanglement
2. Bridge and Roll 4. Jigoku Jime

Yoko Shiho Gatame

  Many of the escapes that will work with Yoko Shiho Gatame will work on Kuzure Yoko Shiho Gatame and Mune Gatame.   Since Tori typically has his arms spread wide and along the length of your body, you may be able to use the strength of your back, hips, and legs to straighten and free the trapped leg.   This will give you additional leverage you can use to exit the hold with.

One key factor that you can use to your benefit is that since Tori's body position is perpendicular (across) your own, you can roll side to side without Tori being able to stop all but the largest movements. You can use this movement to generate breaks in technique and balance and reduce Tori's control so that you can drive a leg under for a leg entanglement, or you can create momentum to bridge Uke or otherwise turn him over.
1. Bridge and Roll 3. Jigoku Jime
2. Leg Entanglement - A 4. Leg Entanglement - B

Tate Shiho Gatame

  Many of the escapes that will work on Tate Shiho Gatame may work on Uki Gatame but beyond that, there are no other hold downs are even remotely resemble Tate Shiho Gatame.   Tate Shiho Gatame is commonly known in the Ju Jitsu world as the 'Mount'.   Because this is such a widely known and practiced hold, the number of escapes and counters are vast.

As time permits, we will cover some of the myriad escapes but will likely limit them to the most commonly used techniques and will skip some of the very obscure.

In Tate Shiho, managing the space between Uke and Tori is critical. If it is too little, Uke can use certain escapes and if it is too great, Uke can use a different series of escapes. As Uke, we have to learn to feel the amount of space between us and Tori and learn what escapes we can use again Tori based on that space. For Example, many of the rolls or turnovers need Tori to be tight against us whereas the chokes, leg entanglement, and arm bars need for us to maintain some space. Learn to feel the difference and build comfort and confidence in working out of both.
1. Base Block and Roll 3. Any Juji Jime
2. Juji Gatame 4. Leg Entanglement